As a nurse, you would work in a wide range of settings starting from primary health care centres to the armed forces, primarily taking care of patients who are suffering from a variety of health issues.

What do nurses do?

The work of nurses mainly involve coordinating the care of patients who might be suffering from a range of health conditions starting from minor injuries to chronic illnesses. Apart from providing direct care to patients, they also assist doctors in medical procedures and offer guidance to the patient’s bystanders and family members. Although nurses work as part of a multidisciplinary team that consists of doctors and other professionals, they usually remain the main contact point for the patients.

What does a typical day at work involve?

  • Checked Gaining trust and confidence of patients
  • Checked Observing the condition of patients by monitoring pulse, temperature and blood pressure of the patient and keeping records
  • Checked Treating Wounds
  • Checked Preparing patients for operations
  • Checked Setting up blood transfusions and drips
  • Checked Undertaking routine investigations of the patients
  • Checked Responding immediately in emergency situations
  • Checked Giving assistance on evaluation and tests
  • Checked Administering drugs and injections
  • Checked Maintaining hygiene and following safety rules in wards and patient care units and making sure that visitors are also following the rules
  • Checked Educating patients and close relatives and giving them support and advise

What job roles can a nurse take up?

They work as village level health workers and provides the basic health care to the community.
They work as the first level professional nurses in a hospital setup giving expert bedside care to patients and also handles technical duties.
They are nurses who work in specialised areas like critical care units.

How to become a Nurse?

Step 1
Take Science stream with Biology, Chemistry and Physics

A candidate seeking admission to nursing courses (expect ANM, GNM ) should have passed HSC(10+2) or equivalent examination with at least 50% marks in Physics, Chemistry, Biology and English from a recognized board.

Step 2
Take BSc Nursing

BSc Nursing (Basic) is a four year undergraduate course. BSc Nursing (Post basic) course is also available as a bachelor’s degree which can be pursued through regular mode (2 years) or distance mode (3 years). Eligibility criteria for BSc Nursing (Post Basic) is GNM with relevant work experience.

Special Point:

ANM (Auxiliary Nurse Midwifery)

ANM is a 2 year nursing course . The minimum educational requirement is passing 10+2 from a recognized board.

GNM (General Nursing & Midwifery)

Candidates who have passed 10+2 class, preferably Science (PCB) & English with aggregate of 40% marks are eligible for GNM. Candidates with 10+2 in other streams as well can apply. The duration of GNM is 3 years.

Step 3
Take MSc Nursing

Candidates who are seeking admissions to Masters programmes in nursing must qualify B.Sc. Nursing / B.Sc. Hons. Nursing / Post Basic B.Sc from a recognised university with at least one year work experience.The duration shall be of two years.

Step 4
Take MPhil

Mphil in nursing is a 1 year program if done as a full time course or else a 2 year (part time) duration program. Minimum requirement for this shall be a Postgraduate degree in nursing with a minimum of 55% marks from a recognized institution.

Step 5
Take PhD

Minimum eligibility to enrol for Ph.D. in Nursing shall be M.Phil (Nursing) or Masters degree in nursing with experience in Teaching or Clinical Experience.

Nursing Colleges

Name State District Type Website Course

Requirements for masters (MSc) in nursing

Requirements for admission into a PG course in one of the top institutions to help you get an overall picture

India (For M.Sc. Nursing at AIIMS )

  • B.Sc. (Hons.) Nursing, B.Sc. Nursing (PC) / Post Basic from any recognised University with 60% marks.
  • The candidate should be a Registered Nurse and Registered midwife or equivalent with any State Nursing Registration Council.
  • Admission is done on the basis of an entrance examination.

Foreign(For M.Nursing at The University of Sydney, Australia)

  • A 3-year degree completed no more than 5 years prior to commencement / a degree of 2 or more years duration, completed no more than 3 years prior to Commencement.
  • IELTS Academic test (score of 7 in each band with an overall score of 7)


    Evidence of English language proficiency may be provided through a record of satisfactory achievement in tertiary studies in which the language of the institution was English and the language of instruction, examination and assessment was English.

To see the entrance exams, scholarships and UG admission details, click here

Skills Required


Empathy is the prime skill required by a Nurse. A Nurse must be able to express compassion and care when looking after patients.

Organisational skills

Organisational skills are important for Nurses as they may have to handle a variety of patients at the same time.

Communication Skills

In order to properly understand the health condition and concerns of the patient, nurses must be able to effectively communicate with them.

Emotional stability

Nurses need to have the capacity to cope with conditions of emergency and suffering. Emotional resilience and stability is vital in such circumstances.

Cultural competency

Cultural competency is crucial for nurses as they have to deal with people from different backgrounds ,cultures and ethnicities.


  • Checked Hospitals
  • Checked Public Health Centres
  • Checked Private Clinics
  • Checked Rehabilitation Centres
  • Checked Ambulance Services
  • Checked Residential Schools
  • Checked Home Health Care