As an optometrist, you will diagnose patients for vision related problems and the work usually involves the use of specialised equipment for this purpose.

What do optometrists do?

Optometrists identify problems related to eyes and other parts of the visual systems using different examination techniques and specialised equipment. They prescribe spectacles, contact lenses etc. and also detect eye illnesses like cataract and glaucoma.

What does a typical day at work involve?

  • Checked Conversing and getting detailed case histories from the patients
  • Checked Performing vision tests on patients and analyzing their results
  • Checked Recognising eye diseases, such as cataract, glaucoma and general health conditions such as diabetes
  • Checked Examining eyesight of the patients to diagnose sight problems, abnormalities or injuries
  • Checked Prescribing contact lenses, eyeglasses, and other visual aids to the patients
  • Checked Managing and monitoring eye conditions of the patients
  • Checked Providing care for patients who are undergoing eye surgery before and after the surgery
  • Checked Promoting awareness of eye health in patients
  • Checked Referring patients to doctors in necessary situations

What job roles can an optometrist take up?

Conduct different tests to identify eye related illnesses and report to doctors and other members of the team who are treating the patient.
Evaluate vision related problems like short sightedness and farsightedness to prescribe the type and power of lens to be used for correcting the patient’s vision.

How to become an optometrist?

Step 1
Take Science stream with Biology, Chemistry and Physics

For admission into almost all the courses in optometry, the candidate should have passed 10+2 with Physics, Chemistry and Biology as subjects.

Step 2
Take Bachelor's Degree

Undergraduate program in Optometry is a 4 year program (3 Years + 1 year Internship) available in different names like BSc Optometry or BOptom.

Special Point: Diploma in Optometry Technicians’ Course (DOPT)

DOPT is a 2 ½ year (2 years + 6 months of Compulsory Internship) diploma program in Optometry. Minimum eligibility for securing admission to DOPT is 10+2 with Physics, Chemistry and Biology as subjects. Candidates who have completed the diploma in optometry can pursue a post graduate diploma of 2 years duration OR complete a B.Optom within 2 years (through a Lateral Entry into the 3rd year of the program).

Step 3
Take Masters Degree

A candidate after completing a 4 years bachelor’s program is eligible to apply for the post graduate degree programs. MSc Optometry and MOptom are various programs available at the master’s level. The minimum duration of the programs is two years.

Special Point: PG Diploma

PG diploma in optometry are provided by different colleges in different names .Post Graduate Diploma in Optometry and Vision Sciences (PGDOVS) and Advanced diploma in optometry are few popular post graduate diploma programs in this field . Usually the duration of these programs is 1 ½ - 2 years.

Step 4
Take MPhil or Ph.D

MPhil in Optometry is a two years research degree. And a few institutions are offering PhDs in Optometry as well.

Optometry Colleges

Name State District Type Website Course

Requirements for masters (MSc) in optometry

Requirements for admission into a PG course in one of the top institutions to help you get an overall picture

India (For admission into M.Optom at Manipal University)

  • A pass in BSc OPT or BOptom from a recognized university, with minimum 50% aggregate marks or equivalent.
  • Completion of an internship or Clinical Experience

Foreign (For admission into MSc.Clinical Optometry at Cardiff University)

  • Honours degree in Optometry or Professional optometric qualification of home country.
  • Skype Interview
  • English Language requirement ; IELTS 7.0 overall and no less than 6.0 in each sub-score (*Refer) or TOEFL with at least 90 with minimum scores of 17 for writing, 17 for listening, 18 for reading and 20 for speaking

To see the entrance exams, scholarships and UG admission details, click here

Skills Required

Attention to detail

Optometrists have to understand, monitor and record various information related to their client to ensure that they receive appropriate treatment and medications.

Speaking skills

It’s important for optometrists to give eye care instructions and to answer the questions of the patients in a clear manner.

Interpersonal skills

It’s vital for an optometrist to have good interpersonal skills as it helps them to empathise and understand the problems faced by the patients with whom they spend a large amount of time examining.

Decision making

Decision making skill plays an important role in an optometrist’s routine as they have to evaluate and decide the best method of treatment based on the results of different diagnostic tests.


Optometrists must be able to adapt to the new techniques and change in equipments undergoing in the field to be up to date.


Optometrist will be involved in repetitive tasks, so it’s important to stay focused and to pay attention and not to lose interest.


  • Checked Eye Hospitals
  • Checked Optical Stores
  • Checked Multinational Companies as technical experts
  • Checked Self Employment (Consultant Optometrists)

Top Companies

  • Checked Lenskart
  • Checked Vasan Eye Care
  • Checked Aravind Eye Care Hospitals
  • Checked Dr Agarwal Hospitals
  • Checked L V Prasad Eye Institutes