As a pharmacist, you will advice your clients on the dosages and side effects of medications and ensure the safe and effective use of pharmaceutical drugs.

What does a pharmacist do?

The basic duty of a pharmacist is to review, prepare and dispense drugs prescribed by doctors. They guide the patient to maximize the desired effects and minimize the adverse effects of the drugs.

What does a typical day at work involve?

  • Checked Dispense medicines to patients according to the doctor’s prescriptions
  • Checked Give consultation to patients on medication usage
  • Checked Communicate with the physicians, to correctly deliver the medicines to the patients
  • Checked Give consultation to patients on over the counter medications
  • Checked Provide information on the usage and consequences of medicines
  • Checked Manage and control the stock in the store
  • Checked Provide advice on healthy lifestyles

What roles can a pharmacist take up?

Community pharmacists are health professionals who own or work in pharmacies. They dispense drugs prescribed by a doctor, and when legally permitted, sell them without a prescription.
Clinical pharmacists are specialty trained practitioners who work directly with medical professionals and patients to ensure that the patients take their medications safely and effectively.
Medical Research Scientists research, design and develop new drugs and uncover new purposes of existing drugs to treat different types of diseases.

How to become a Pharmacist?

Step 1
Take Science stream with Biology, Chemistry and Physics

Studying Physics, Chemistry and ideally Biology as the main subjects at the 10+2 level and securing a 50% score or more in these subjects would be a prerequisite for admission in to pharmacy courses.

Note: (Science with Maths/Biotechnology)

Instead of Biology, the science stream with biotechnology or maths is also considered as an adequate eligibility for pharmacy courses.

Step 2
Take Bachelor of Pharmacy (B.Pharm)

The common course offered at the UG level in this field is B.Pharm.The duration of the course will be four academic years, with university examinations at the end of each year and the course also includes a one month internship/practical training and an industrial visit.

Note: (Diploma in Pharmacy- D.Pharm)

D.Pharm is a diploma program offered at the UG level in pharmacy. The duration of the course is two years. Those who completed a D.Pharm has a provision to taken lateral entry into the second year of a B.Pharm course.


Take Doctor of Pharmacy (Pharm.D)

After 12th, you can also pursue Doctor of Pharmacy (Pharm. D) a six year course, which includes five years of clinical and community-based theoretical study and one year internship in hospitals.

Step 3
Take Master of Pharmacy (M.Pharm)

After completing B Pharm, you can go for M.Pharm, the post graduate degree in Pharmacy which is of two years duration.

Note: Pharm. D. (Post Baccalaureate)

Graduates of Pharmacy can pursue Pharm. D. (PB), which is a 3 year professional post-graduate course in the discipline of Pharmacy from an institute recognized by the Pharmacy Council of India.This program functions as a bridge between B.Pharm and regular Pharm.D by advancing professional skills and career options in clinical practice and research.

Step 4
Go for Doctoral degree in Pharmacy (Ph.D.)

The minimum eligibility for Ph.D. is a Masters in Pharmacy. The duration of the program is a minimum of 3 years.

Pharmacy Colleges

Name State District Type Website Course

Requirements for masters in pharmacy

Requirements for admission into a PG course in one of the top institutions to help you get an overall picture

In India (Manipal College of Pharmaceutical Sciences)

  • BPharm from an institution recognized by the Pharmacy Council of India with minimum of 50% aggregate marks.
  • Admissions are done on the basis of the rank in the All India Manipal Entrance Test (MET 2019).

In International Institutions (National University of Singapore)

  • Candidates, who hold relevant bachelor’s degrees from overseas universities, can apply for admission with GRE and TOEFL results.
  • Candidates who have not read and passed the following 4 essential Pharmacy modules, namely PR1102, PR2101, PR3102 and PR4106 or their equivalents, will have to read and obtain a good pass for the bridging module PR3301 Pharmaceutical Dosage Forms prior to admission. (PR1102 Physical Pharmacy, PR2101 Dosage Form Design, IPR3102 Dosage Form Design, IIPR4106 Dosage Form Design III)

To see the entrance exams, scholarships and UG admission details, click here

Skills Required

Communication skills

Pharmacists should listen carefully to what patients say, and explain some important information to the general public and other healthcare professionals.

Team work

Pharmacists should have the ability to work with others in a multidisciplinary team, and should also have the ability to lead a team.


Pharmacists should be very accurate and must have meticulous attention to details. Even a small error can put a patient’s life at stake.

Managerial skills

Pharmacists, especially those who run a retail pharmacy, must have good managerial skills, including the ability to manage inventory and supervise the staff.

Computer skills

Pharmacists need computer skills in order to use the electronic health record (EHR) systems that their organization might have adopted as all the information regarding patients and drugs are recorded in computers.

Analytical skills

Pharmacists must provide safe medications efficiently. They should have an extensive knowledge of the effects and appropriate circumstances and should be able to do a quick analysis for giving out a specific medication.


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Top Companies

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