As a physiotherapist, you will use exercise and rehabilitation techniques to help people recover from physical problems caused by injuries, illnesses, or ageing.

What do physiotherapists do?

Physiotherapists work on helping people to improve their mobility and physical strength, and recover from pain using techniques like exercises, massage, and electrotherapy. Equipment like crutches and walkers may also be used. They treat patients suffering from a variety of conditions like back or neck injuries, fractures, sprains, amputations, strokes and injuries resulting from sports and work activities.

What does a typical day at work involve?

  • Checked Diagnosing, assessing and treating the physical problems or conditions of patients
  • Checked Evaluating and recording a patient’s progress, modifying a care plan and trying new treatments as needed
  • Checked Developing individualized plans of treatment for patients according to the severity of their conditions
  • Checked Being up to date with new techniques and technologies available for treating patients
  • Checked Using exercises, stretching manoeuvers, hands-on therapy, and equipment to ease patients’ pain
  • Checked Creating awareness among patients and educating the patients and their families about what to expect from the recovery process and how best to cope with the challenges
  • Checked Helping patients to increase their mobility, preventing further pain or injury, and facilitating health and wellness

What areas can a physiotherapist specialise on?

Deals with the physical conditions associated with common old age illnesses.
Deals with physical conditions arising from neurological disorders like stroke, cerebral palsy, ALS, Parkinson’s disease etc.
Works with sports teams and athletes to help them with rehabilitation from injuries and also in preventing injuries.
Deals with physical conditions related to muscular and skeletal systems and also in rehabilitation from orthopedic surgeries.

How to Become a Physiotherapist?

Step 1
Take Science stream with Biology, Chemistry and Physics

Minimum eligibility for securing admission to any physiotherapy course is 10+2 or equivalent with Physics, Chemistry, English and Biology as subjects and a minimum of 50% marks taken together in Physics, Chemistry and Biology.

Step 2
Take BPT (Bachelor of Physiotherapy)

The duration of this course is four and a half years including a six month compulsory internship.

Special Point:DPT (Diploma in Physiotherapy)

Diploma in physiotherapy is a 2 year diploma program. DPT can be pursued after completing 10+2.

Step 3
Take MPT (Master of Physiotherapy)

Minimum eligibility for MPT is a BPT qualification from a recognized university with a minimum aggregate score of 50%.The duration of the course is two years.

Special Point: PG Diploma

PG diploma in optometry are provided by different colleges in different names .Post Graduate Diploma in Optometry and Vision Sciences (PGDOVS) and Advanced diploma in optometry are few popular post graduate diploma programs in this field . Usually the duration of these programs is 1 ½ - 2 years.

Physiotherapy Colleges

Name State District Type Website Course

Requirements for masters in physiotherapy

Requirements for admission into a PG course in one of the top institutions to help you get an overall picture

Indian (JSS College of Physiotherapy)

  • Pass in B.Sc. (PT) or B.P.T. degree from RGUHS or any University recognised as equivalent by RGUHS.

Foreign (The University of Queensland)

  • An approved degree in physiotherapy.
  • 2 years full time relevant professional experience.
  • Entry is competitive based on GPA.
  • Acceptable evidence of sufficient English language skills developed through paid and/or voluntary work experience in a primarily English-speaking professional environment for at least 3 years immediately before the start of your studies at the university.
  • At least a 6.5 overall and a minimum of 6.0 in each sub-band of the IELTS; or acceptable scores in equivalent tests.

To see the entrance exams, scholarships and UG admission details, click here

Skills Required

Physical awareness

A physiotherapist should have the knowledge of how the human body can and should move.


The most important duty of a physiotherapist is to help patients reduce their pain . They work with people who are in pain and must have empathy for their patients. They should be able to understand and feel others’ pain.


Physiotherapists must use their hands to provide manual therapy and therapeutic exercises. They should have good manual dexterity to provide proper treatment.


Physiotherapists should be able to prepare individualized treatment plans for patients. They must be flexible and be able to adapt plans of care to meet the needs of each patient.

Detail oriented

Physiotherapists should have strong analytical, critical and observational skills to diagnose a patient’s problem, provide treatments, and to give an effective care.

Physical stamina

Physiotherapists spend much of their time on their feet, demonstrating certain exercises and treatment techniques. They should be capable to perform these tasks till the patient receives the treatment technique properly.

Time-management skills

Physiotherapists typically treat many patients each day. They must provide proper care to all. They must also maintain their records.

Interpersonal skills.

Physiotherapists spend a lot of time interacting with patients, so they should be able to create a good rapport with the patients. They should properly explain treatment programs, motivate patients, and listen to patients’ concerns to provide effective therapy.


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  • Checked Rehabilitation Centres
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  • Checked Training Institutions in India and Abroad
  • Checked Private Practice