Architecture is a blend of art, humanities and science combining creativity, innovation, engineering and design to create buildings and other structures which are functionally efficient and aesthetically pleasing.
An architect designs new buildings, makes changes to existing buildings and advises on conservation and restoration of old buildings.
Interior designers work on designing and setting up interior spaces of homes, offices and other buildings ensuring functionality, safety and aesthetics.
Urban planner/designer is involved in planning and developing the layout of urban areas including buildings, bus stations, parks, streets and walkways.
|Name of Exam||Institutions||Languages||Application Period||Exam Dates||Website|
|NATA||All recognised State and Private institutions in India (except those using JEE main paper 2/ Advanced AAT scores)||English||
|JEE Main (Paper 2)||
||English, Hindi (and Gujarati for selected regions only)||
Science Stream with Maths. Although any +2 stream with Maths is sufficient for appearing in NATA, learning Physics at +2 level would give you an advantage. For JEE main and advanced , +2 with PCM is compulsory.
Subjects to focus: Maths with emphasis on Trigonometry, Algebra and Calculus. Generally 50% marks in aggregate is required for admission and higher cut offs may be expected at good institutions. Therefore you should also prepare well in all subjects to score a good aggregate score.
You should have strong drawing skills, you’ll need to be comfortable with freehand drawing and with thinking and drawing in 3D.
|Undergraduate - (UG)|
|Nirankari Rajmata Scholarship Scheme||Scholarship will be awarded to the students who have secured not less than 90% marks in class XII Board examination and are enrolled for a UG program in any technical or professional course in an institution recognised by the state/central government. The annual income of their parents/guardian from all sources should not exceed Rs. 3.5 lakhs.||nirankarifoundation.org/nirankari-rajmata-scholarship-scheme-2018-19/|
|Central Merit cum means scholarship for minority community students pursuing professional and technical courses||Scholarship will be awarded to the students who have secured not less than 50% marks or equivalent grade in the previous final examination and the annual income of whose parents/guardians from all sources does not exceed Rs.2.50 lakh.||www.scholarships.gov.in/|
|State Merit Scholarship, Kerala||
|Central Sector Scheme of Scholarship for College and University Students||Scholarship will be awarded to the students who have secured not less than 50% marks in the previous final examination and annual income of their parents/guardian from all sources does not exceed Rs. 1.00 lakh.||scholarships.gov.in/|
|Postgraduate - (PG)|
|AICTE PG scholarship Scheme||Post Graduate scholarship is entitled to MArch students who are admitted to the course with a valid GATE/GPAT score at the time of admission.||www.aicte-india.org/schemes/students-development-schemes/PG-Scholarship-Scheme|
|J. N. Tata Endowment awards||The J. N. Tata Endowment awards a one-time loan scholarship to Indian nationals only at the beginning of the course for full time Postgraduate/Ph.D./Postdoctoral studies/Research Fellowships studies abroad, in all fields. Applicants should be graduates of a recognised Indian University and have secured at least 60% in their last academic examination.||jntataendowment.org/loan-scholarship-process|
Architecture is a highly growing field as structural designs and modern buildings are taking over, giving the country's infrastructure a facelift and new avenues are opening up for the hopeful students. Architecture fields include Landscape Design, Urban Design and Planning, Ecological Management, Urban Conservation, Heritage Management amongst many others.
The architectural industry has long held a low unemployment rate. According to U.S. News & World Report, as of 2017 the percentage of architects without a job was just 1.9 % and predicted job growth remains steady.
As technology and innovation continue to evolve in the industry, a number of emerging trends will positively shape the future of architecture. 3D virtual design, architectural robots and 3D printers will redefine the role of architects. The idea of vertical cities and vertical farming are becoming ever popular and architects have to take up the challenge of building environmentally sustainable cities.
To enter this field as an Associate Professor in a degree level architecture institution, you should have a First class B Arch degree and at least one year experience or a first class M Arch degree.
To enter at higher positions you may require a doctorate and/or more years of experience.
After completing B Arch, you can do M Arch (and PhD if you so desire) and apply for professorship in Colleges of Architecture.
In addition, architecture teachers must have the following qualities:
Job prospects are expected to remain steady because the field of architecture is continuing to grow.
If you are inclined towards design and feel that architectural design is not your interest, you can go for the Master of Design (M.Des.) programme after B.Arch.
Admission is based on Common Entrance Examination for Design (CEED) which assesses the candidate’s aptitude for design, involving visual perception ability, drawing skills, logical reasoning, creativity, communication, and problem solving skills. CEED is conducted by IIT Bombay. It is a qualifying examination for admission to Master of Design (MDes) programmes at IISc Bangalore, IIT Bombay, IIT Delhi, IIT Guwahati, IIT Hyderabad, IIITDM Jabalpur, and IIT Kanpur.
Design as a career holds high prospects in the fields of textile design, furniture design, jewellery design, industrial design, and product design.