As a Higher Secondary School Teacher you will be teaching students in class 11th and 12th. You will be specialised in one specific subject and responsible for developing in your students a strong basic level of understanding in the subject and preparing them for college.
Higher secondary school teachers help students in understanding the nature, purpose and philosophy of the subject. They instruct students on the subject concepts, train them for self study and independent learning, help them develop reference skills,critical thinking and conceptualisation and encourage them to undertake group learning. They also strive to develop among the students the skills for promoting national consciousness and communal harmony.
The stream you choose at +2 depends upon which subject you want to specialise in as a teacher. You can choose any stream at +2 which makes you eligible for joining a UG course in that subject. For specialising in physical sciences and mathematics, choose Science stream with Maths at +2 and for Life sciences it is advisable to choose Science with Biology at +2 level. If you aim to take up teaching of a Humanities, Social Sciences or Commerce subject generally you may opt for any stream at +2 but requirements for undergraduate admission in some institutions may specify certain subjects to be compulsory at +2 level
You may take a BA/BSc/BCom degree in the subject you choose. This is usually of 3 year duration and is available in most universities and affiliated colleges in the country.
After graduation in the subject you have chosen you can take a master’s degree in the subject. This is of 2 year duration.
In order to be eligible to take up a career as a Senior Secondary School teacher you need to qualify as a Bachelor of Education with your subject of choice taken up as the specialisation. This is usually a 2 year course which includes compulsory teaching practice and can be taken up after earning a Bachelor’s or Master’s degree in the subject.
Although these higher qualifications are not essential eligibility requirements for a Senior Secondary school teacher, preference may be given to MPhil/PhD holders in the subject provided that they also qualify in BEd within a stipulated period.
In order to take up a teaching career in Government institutions you may have to qualify in Teacher Eligibility Tests for Higher Secondary teachers. Private Schools may also use these qualifications as their employment criteria.
Candidates qualified in UGC NET may be given preference for a PGT(Post Graduate Teacher ) post provided you also fulfil other requirements for a senior secondary teacher.
Requirements for admission into a PG course in one of the top institutions to help you get an overall picture
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Teachers are required to have excellent communication skills for working with children, other teachers and parents. Communication that is clear, concise, and to the point will make your lessons easier.
Teachers are required to inspire and guide students and be in charge of leading them through example.
As a teacher, one must be committed to help students find success and gratification in their academics.They should also empower them to develop their own strengths, beliefs, and personal attributes.
Teachers need to work as a team, to effectively produce holistic development of the students while training them in different subjects and helping them develop varied skills.
Good teachers know how to adapt their lesson plans and teaching methods to their students, so that students with differing cognitive ability and learning skills benefit optimally. This skill can take some experience and practice in a classroom setting.