Material Science and Engineering

As a materials science engineer, you will design, develop, process and test materials, particularly solids to create a wide variety of products. You will study the properties and structures of metals, ceramics, plastics, composites, and nanomaterials in order to create new materials that meet various mechanical, electrical, and chemical requirements.

What do materials science engineers do?

Materials science engineers study the properties and structures of metals, ceramics, plastics, composites, nanomaterials and other substances in order to develop new materials which are used to create a wide range of products.

What does a typical day at work involve?

  • Checked Study and understand materials, and create new materials out of them with improved characteristics
  • Checked Develop methods of testing materials to determine the effects different conditions have on them
  • Checked Preparing reports with material test results and findings that will be helpful for the works of scientists and related personnel
  • Checked Recommending which materials would work best in certain experiments
  • Checked Reporting the effects of applied forces on alloys and other metals
  • Checked Finding the tolerance and cause of material failure under certain shear, tension, and compression tests

What areas can a materials science engineer specialise in?

This discipline deals with the design, synthesis, characterization and theory/modeling/simulation of nanomaterials.
This field is concerned with the development of new electronic materials to meet requirements in a growing range of application areas like spintronics, optical computing, and fuel cells.
This field deals with materials selection, computational tools, materials processing, and failure analysis.

How to become a materials science engineer?

Step 1
Take Science stream with Physics, Chemistry and Maths

Studying Physics, Chemistry and Maths at the 10+2 level and securing a minimum score in these subjects would be a prerequisite for admission into engineering courses.

Step 2
Take B.Tech. Materials science and Engineering

The common specialisation offered at the UG level in this area is materials science and Engineering. You can either go for a B.Tech or a dual degree (5 year Integrated B.Tech/M.Tech).

Step 3
Take M.Tech./MS in Material Science Engineering

After completing the UG degree, you can either go for an M.Tech/M.S. in Material Science engineering or any other specialisation of choice.

Material Science and Engineering Colleges

Name State District Type Website Course

Requirements for masters in material science and engineering

Requirements for admission into a PG course in one of the top institutions to help you get an overall picture

India( from IIT Kanpur)

  • B.E/B.Tech. degree in Metallurgical or Materials Engg., Materials Science, Ceramic Engg., Chemical Engg., Mechanical Engg. or other engineering disciplines
  • M.Sc. degree in Physics, Chemistry, Life Sciences, Materials Science, Nanoscience/Nanotechnology or appropriate areas (with Mathematics at B.Sc level) Minimum 60% marks or a CPI of 6.0/10 in B.Sc. & M.Sc. Qualified GATE with a valid score or qualified CSIR-NET/JRF
  • Minimum 60% marks or a CPI of 6.0/10
  • Qualified GATE - score between 600-700

Foreign (from University of Toronto - M Eng in Material Science)

  • A Bachelor of Applied Science (BASc) in engineering or Bachelor of Engineering (BEng) with a minimum of B (73%) over the final two years of studies
  • TOEFL: Minimum required scores- Internet-based 93 (writing 22; speaking 22)
  • IELTS – Academic Module, Minimum required score: 7.0 (6.5 must be achieved in each component)
  • GRE not required

To see the entrance exams, scholarships and UG admission details, click here

Skills Required

Critical Thinking

Materials science engineers use logic and reasoning to analyse the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to problems.

Production and Processing skills

Materials science engineers should have knowledge of raw materials, production processes, quality control, costs, and other techniques.

Technical skills

Materials science engineers should be well versed with in the practical application of engineering science and technology. This includes applying principles, techniques, procedures, and equipment to the design and production of various goods and services.

Conversation skills

Materials science engineers should be able to collaborate with professionals across many fields.


  • Checked Aerospace Product and Parts Manufacturing
  • Checked Electronic Component Manufacturing
  • Checked Architectural, Engineering, and Related Services

Top Companies

  • Checked Ford
  • Checked Boeing
  • Checked General Electric
  • Checked Unilever
  • Checked Siemens
  • Checked Honeywell