Ocean Engineering and Naval Architecture

As an ocean engineer and naval architect, you will be studying the oceanic environment and working on designing, building and maintaining ships, boats, other marine vessels and offshore structures.

What do Ocean Engineers and Naval Architects do?

Ocean engineers are responsible for the design, analysis, operation and planning of systems that operate in an oceanic environment. They will study the ocean and sea environment in order to understand how saltwater affects watercraft and vessels both civil and military, including Merchant ships, Oil/Gas Tankers, and Cargo Ships.

Naval Architects mainly work on the design, construction and repair of ships, boats and other marine vessels and offshore structures.

What does a typical day at work involve?

  • Checked Preparing layouts and detailed drawings of the ships and equipment
  • Checked Testing, installation and repair of the designed equipment
  • Checked Designing offshore structures like oil and gas rigs
  • Checked Designing ships and ensuring safety and other crucial aspects of the ships
  • Checked Evaluating the functioning of a ship and rectifying problems if any
  • Checked Preparing and analysing the contract and maintaining follow up with contractors and other officials for smooth progress of the work
  • Checked Preparing cost estimates, construction schedules and communicating it to others

What areas can an Ocean Engineer and Naval Architect specialise in?

Marine engineering deals with the design, installation and operation of machinery systems on ships and offshore platforms. It also deals with the regulation of mechanical systems and measuring and monitoring of mechanical and thermic magnitudes.
Marine Structural engineering is the field which deals with the design, construction, rehabilitation, repair, and maintenance of port and harbor structures. Marine structural engineers mostly work on the construction of new ports and the modernization of existing ports and terminals.
Petroleum engineering deals with the study of extraction of crude oil and natural gas present in the deposits found below the surface of the earth. It also includes the designing aspect of oil and gas reservoirs used for storage and transportation.

How to become an Ocean Engineer and Naval Architect?

Step 1
Take Science stream with Physics, Chemistry and Maths

Studying Physics, Chemistry and Maths at the 10+2 level and securing a minimum score in these subjects would be a prerequisite for admission into engineering courses.

Step 2
Take B.Tech. in Ocean Engineering and Naval Architecture

The common specialisation offered at the UG level in this area is Ocean Engineering and Naval Architecture. You can either go for a B.Tech or a dual degree (5 year Integrated B.Tech/M.Tech).

Note :

Some institutions allow lateral entry into second year of BTech for diploma holders in mechanical Engineering.

Step 3
Take M. Tech. in Ocean Engineering and Naval Architect

After completing the UG degree, you can pursue a master’s in Ocean Engineering and Naval Architecture.

Architecture Colleges

Name State District Type Website Course

Requirements for masters in architecture

Requirements for admission into a PG course in one of the top institutions to help you get an overall picture

Indian Institution ( MTech in Ocean Engineering and Marine Architecture at IIT Bombay)

  • Candidates can apply through GATE and should obtain a sufficient score.
  • Candidates who have completed their graduation from any IITs are eligible for direct admissions without GATE. They are required to score a CGPA of 8 or above at their undergraduate level.

Foreign Institution ( MSc Marine Engineering (Mechanical and Electrical Options) at the University College London , United Kingdom )

  • A Relevant Bachelor's degree with a minimum overall CGPA of 7.75/10 or its Equivalent
  • Overall grade of 6.5 with a minimum of 6.0 in each of the subtests in IELTS
  • Overall score of 92 with 24/30 in reading and writing and 20/30 in speaking and listening in TOEFL.

To see the entrance exams, scholarships and UG admission details, click here

Skills Required

Communication Skills

Ocean engineers and naval architects should have good communication skills. They should be able to clearly communicate their ideas and opinions.

Interpersonal Skills

Ocean engineers and naval architects should have good interpersonal skills as they have to meet and interact with people and discuss the requirements or needs of the marine systems. They will also have to continuously conduct review meetings with the clients.

Math Skills

Ocean engineers and naval architects should have good math skills as they have to use the principles of calculus, trigonometry and even advanced math concepts in solving various issues that may come up in their work.

Problem-solving Skills

Ocean engineers and naval architects must have good problem solving skills as they have will have to deal with many unexpected problems and issues during their work. They should be able to analyse the problem thoroughly and formulate an effective solution very quickly.


  • Checked Oil and Gas
  • Checked Ports and Coastal Development
  • Checked Harbour Industry
  • Checked Ship Building
  • Checked Offshore Construction

Top Companies

  • Checked Shell
  • Checked DNV-GL
  • Checked Worley Parsons
  • Checked Indian Navy
  • Checked Indian Register of Shipping
  • Checked Government departments