Dairy Sciences And Technology

As a graduate in Dairy Sciences and Technology, you would focusing on every stage starting from processing, management and final consumption of milk by working on acquiring, processing, storage, packing and final distribution of the milk to improve animal welfare and productivity and also to ensure the quality of milk and milk products.

What do dairy scientist do?

Dairy scientists do research on how to efficiently produce and process milk. They may also have to supervise or oversee machineries, ensure proper food and nutrition for livestock and domestic animals, conduct experiments to determine the effects of different foods and environments on the quality and quantity of the milk, use and develop new technologies and practices in taking care of livestock, evaluate and grade the dairy animals and the farm.

What does a typical day at work involve?

  • Checked Checking the quality of milk products by testing on samples
  • Checked Checking the requirements of dairy animals and nutritive value of feed materials
  • Checked Assisting the manager in the financial and physical performance of the farm
  • Checked Carrying out experiments to determine the effects of different kinds of feed on the milk produced
  • Checked Maintaining records, and preparing reports and correspondence related to the work
  • Checked Studying the impacts of environmental conditions on quantity, quality, and nutritive value of milk produced
  • Checked Developing improved care and management practices of dairy herds
  • Checked Evaluating the safety of buildings and pieces of equipment
  • Checked Carrying out breeding programs to improve dairy breeds by understanding the physiology of reproduction and lactation

What are the specialisations in Dairy Sciences and Technology?

Dairy engineering is the area that deals with the use of technology to make the dairy processing more advanced and useful. This field also focuses on maintaining machinery and developing new machineries.
This field focuses on the various chemical properties of the milk, prevent spoilage and also develop various methods of preservation and study both positive and negative effects of microbes in various dairy products.
This area focus on all areas of the whole process starting from procuring the milk to sale and consumption of milk. This includes storing, processing, packing etc.
This area deals with the management of activities and processes in the farm. This also include entrepreneurship development in milk preservation and dairy processing.

How to become Dairy Scientist?

Step 1
Take science stream in 12th

Science stream in 12th with Physics, Chemistry and Maths as compulsory subjects Minimum marks criteria is 50% marks in PCM subjects.

Step 2
Take B. Tech. in Dairy technology

B. Tech. Dairy Technology is a 4 year course which involves training the admitted students extensively in the production, processing and quality control of dairy-related products.

Note : B.Sc in Dairy Technology

There are very few colleges in India offering this course. The minimum eligibility is Physics, Chemistry and maths as main subjects in 12th.

Step 3
Take M.Tech in Dairy Technology

This course span for 2 years. The minimum eligibility is to have 55% aggregate in B. Tech. in Dairy technology.

Step 4
Take PhD. in Dairy Technology

PhD. in Dairy technology involves research . This spans from 3 - 5 years and may take even more than that.

Dairy Sciences and Technology Colleges

Name State District Type Website Course

Requirements for masters in dairy sciences and technology

Requirements for admission into a PG course in one of the top institutions to help you get an overall picture

India (from National Dairy Research Institute, Bangalore, for Masters in Dairy Technology)

  • A relevant Bachelor's degree accredited by the National Dairy Research Institute.
  • An Overall Grade Point Average (OGPA) of at least a 6.60/10.00 in ten-point scale, at least 3.25/5.00 in five-point scale, at least 2.60/4.00 in four-point scale or at least 60% marks.
  • On the basis of merit in the Entrance Examination (All India Combined Examinations conducted by the Education Division of the ICAR).

Foreign (from University of Copenhagen, Denmark, for MSc in Food Science and Technology - Specializing in Dairy Science and Technology)

  • A Bachelor's degree in bachelor's programme which includes Mathematics, Statistics, Chemistry, Cell and/or Microbiology, Food Microbiology and Biochemistry.
  • Englis Language Proficiency : Overall band score of 6.5 in IELTS or a score of 83 on the TOEFL .

To see the entrance exams, scholarships and UG admission details, click here

Skills Required

Technical & Practical Skills

A dairy scientist must be able to understand, measure, monitor various situations and apply technical knowledge. They must be open to seek training opportunities for further development to improve performance in day to day tasks of the role etc.

Attention to Detail

Dairy scientists must be keen on identifying even the tiniest of details regarding changes in the dairy products during processing.

Problem Solving & Innovation

This skill is required to assist in managing for profit by problem solving and finding the best solution to a given problem or situation and also to collaborate with others to seek input and alternative ideas.


In this position, one should possess a balance in listening and talking; speaking and writing clearly and accurately; keeping others informed.

Self Management

As a dairy scientist/technologist, self managing is of great importance. They should focus on effective planning and time management as well as prioritisation of tasks.


  • Checked Milk Plants
  • Checked Live stock farms
  • Checked Cattle breeding Centres
  • Checked Logistics Departments
  • Checked Production /Manufacturing Companies

Top companies

  • Checked Nestle
  • Checked Danone
  • Checked Fonterra
  • Checked Amul Industries Pvt Ltd
  • Checked Mother Dairy Fruit & Vegetable Pvt Ltd
  • Checked Kwality Ltd
  • Checked Kraft Foods
  • Checked Unilever