government services civil services & defence

This field encompassing careers in Central and State government departments and ministries, Defence and Police forces, railways and public sector undertakings represents the largest provider of jobs in the country.


Armed Forces

The Indian Armed Forces, consisting of four professional uniformed services: The Indian Army, Indian Air Force, Indian Navy and Indian Coast Guard, are the military forces of India. Armed Forces are helped by various paramilitary organisations and various inter-service institutions. The Ministry of Defence is responsible for the management of armed forces in India.


Indian Railways, the national rail transport system of India is operated by the Ministry of Railways and is the fourth largest railway network in the world. It is the largest employer in India with 14 lakh employees and eighth biggest employer of the world.

Civil Services

The Civil Services of India runs the entire administration of the country. The elected ministers of India lay down the policies required to properly run the administrative machinery, which is then carried out by the civil servants in various central and state government agencies

Central Ministries

These are careers in various central ministries and government departments which are under these ministries with offices at the centre and in various states and dealing with specific areas of governance like External Affairs, Defence, Finance, Agriculture, Education and numerous others.

State Public Service Commissions

These job areas are in Government departments and offices which are under the control of the State governments of the different states of India.

Public Sector Undertakings

A Public Sector Undertaking is an enterprise which is majority owned by either the Union Government of India (central public sector enterprises or CPSEs) or by one of the State governments (state level public enterprises SLPEs).

Police Forces

This includes the Indian Police Service, the Central Armed Police Services and the State Police Services of each State which are responsible for the maintenance of law and order in the country.

Main Exam Bodies

Name Authority Disciplines Website
Union Public Service Commission Central Government
  • Central Government Services
  • Railways
  • Armed forces
  • Excise, Customs and Income tax
  • Police Forces
Staff Selection Commission Central Government
  • Central Government Services
  • Railways
  • Armed forces
  • Excise, Customs and Income tax
  • Police Forces
Railway Recruitment Board Central Government Railways
State Public Service Commission State Government State Government Services Each state has its own PSC
Public Enterprises Selection Board Central Government PSUs like NTPC, ONGC, NHPC, SAIL, BHEL, BPC, AAI and others
Staff Selection Board Central Government Armed Forces


According to the statistics offered in an article on the power of government jobs in the Times of India, the staggering number of applicants for job vacancies in the government sector all over the country in the last few years speak of the continued power of the government job in India. Many people prefer government jobs to that in the private sector as the former is considered to be less taxing and has more stability. Moreover the perks, prestige and flexibility attached to a government job makes it more attractive to job seekers.There are instances of government position, however menial, often being preferred to an objectively more attractive private sector or entrepreneurial option. Moreover the 7th pay commission has recommended a steep revision in pay packages and perks bringing them on par with most private sector jobs and in many cases the revision is as high as three times the existing package. Two of the most priced professions within the government sector continue to be those under the UPSC or the Union Public Service Commission and jobs in the banking sector.

According to the EY report on future of jobs in India, the future of jobs in 2022 in India will be determined by the country’s response to the inevitable impact created by the interplay of three primary forces - globalization, demographic changes and the adoption of Industry 4.0 exponential technologies by Indian industries. The Government is investing heavily in highways, renewable energy, urban transport, shipping, affordable housing This translates to an additional 14 to 15 million beneficiaries whose incomes have grown. The introduction of new development schemes and government departments to implement these new initiatives are resulting in generating new jobs in the executive as well as lower cadres in government service.

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