Medicine is the field that studies and treats human diseases and injuries. This field deals with the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of diseases. Medicine also includes a variety of healthcare practices. Apart from scientific medicine, there are alternative medicines like Homeopathy, Siddha, Ayurveda etc.

What are the specialisations in Medicine?

Allopathy (MBBS)

Allopathic medicine refers to the practice of conventional medicine which makes use of remedies such as drugs or surgery to combat diseases.

Veterinary Sciences

Veterinary Medicine is concerned with the prevention, control, diagnosis, and treatment of medical conditions and diseases of animals.


Ayurveda is an ancient traditional healing science which includes compounds of herbs or proprietary ingredients, diet, exercise, and lifestyle recommendations in treatment.

Dental Sciences

Dental Science is the branch of medicine that deals with the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of diseases that affect the teeth and oral cavity.


Homeopathy is a field of medicine that takes a holistic approach which seeks to embrace the body's natural response with the intent of removing the underlying cause.

Yoga or Naturopathy

Yoga is a discipline which uses various practices such as physical postures, breathing exercises, relaxation techniques and meditation for the prevention and treatment of medical conditions. And naturopathy is a system of alternative medicine that uses natural remedies such as food, mud and massage therapies and self-healing capacity of the body as well as the art of healthy living.


Unani is an ancient system of medicine which facilitates the body to regain or strengthen the balance of four humors (blood, phlegm, yellow bile, and black bile).


Siddha system of medicine emphasise not only on the treatment of diseases but also on the body, mind and spirit and strives to restore the innate harmony of the individual.

Main Admission/Entrance exams for Medicine

Name of Exam Institutions Languages Application Period Exam Dates Website
NEET UG (MBBS/BDS/AYUSH) National Level exam English,Hindi , Assamese, Oriya, Kannada,Bengali, Marathi,Tamil, Gujarathi November First Sunday of May
AIIMS AIIMS (multiple locations) English , Hindi November-January Last week of May
JIPMER JIPMER (Puducherry and Karaikal) English March - April First week of June

What would help you build a good profile for admission at the UG level?

Stream to Choose at +2 level:

Take Science stream with Physics, Chemistry, Biology/Biotechnology and English at +2 level.

Subjects to focus:

The most important subject to focus on is Biology as it forms the base for the Medical science curriculum. Chemistry at higher secondary level also has important correlation to Medicine curriculum. Students should give importance to other subjects as well to obtain a high aggregate percentage.

Some skills to acquire:

A student taking up the course in medicine essentially requires to be able to put in a lot of hard work in a sustained manner. He/She therefore needs to develop perseverance and good time management skills. To be a successful medical professional, it is essential to be a good listener and be able to communicate effectively with patients. Efforts should be made to improve communication skills

Minimum marks:

Eligibility requirement for appearing in the NEET entrance exam for admission to Medicine is minimum 50% aggregate in PCB subjects for the unreserved Category (45% for PWD and 40% for SC/ST/OBC)


Name Eligibility Website
Indusind Foundation Scholarship The applicants should have passed passed 12th examination in the same academic year with minimum 85% marks. Should have secured admission in a regular degree course. The financial background of the students is also an important factor in granting the scholarship.
Nest Senior 1 Awarded based on a test conducted on the last sunday of January every year. 1st and 2nd year Medical students can apply for this scholarship. Students of class 12th can also apply. 10 or more scholarships of rupees 35000-75000 are provided.
Nest Senior 2 Awarded based on a the performance in the test conducted by NEST. 3rd and 4th year degree students can apply . 10 or more scholarships of rupees 40,000 - 1,00,000 are offered.
Sahu Jain Trust Loan Scholarship Interest free loan scholarships for graduate and post graduate programs. Scholarship amount ranges from 2,500 - 25000 per year.
Federal bank Hormis Memorial Foundation Scholarship Students should have secured admission under merit in Government/Aided and self-financing colleges during the same academic year. The annual family income of the applicant should be below Rs.3L. A total of 20 students from each discipline will be reimbursed 100% of their tuition fees.
Foundation for Excellence Scholarship Only first-year applicants of professional courses are eligible. The annual income of the family should be below 2.5 lakhs.
Mahabir Pratap Singh Foundation scholarship The scholarship is open to meritorious and deserving candidates studying or doing research in any branches in modern science. Each selected scholar will receive a sum of INR 3000 per month.

How is the future for the field of Medicine?

According to the study conducted by the FICCI (The Federation of Indian Chambers of Commerce and Industry), the Government expenditure in health care is expected to be doubled by 2025. Statistics show that 1.54 million additional doctors and 2.4 million nurses are required by 2025 to meet the growing demand for healthcare. The results also show that 3 million additional beds are needed for India to achieve the target of 3 beds per 1,000 people by 2025.

On the basis of another report by Oxford University and Deloitte, BBC has developed a tool to identify the automation risk of different jobs. The result of the tool indicates that the risk of automation is only 2% for a medical practitioner (ie. very unlikely to be automated).

Even though technology is rapidly advancing, it has very little effect on the job prospects for medicine or health care practitioners. But the working environment would undergo changes as more technology will be incorporated in their work. Customised health care services will be provided to the patients and there would be huge advancements in diagnostic tools and scanning mechanisms. Methods like 3D printing of organs may also come into practice. More accurate diagnosis, prediction and prevention of disease is possible with the help of technology.

Other Career areas a Medicine graduate can enter

Social Services

Social services, also called welfare service or social work, any of numerous publicly or privately provided services intended to aid disadvantaged, distressed, or vulnerable persons or groups. Medical practitioners, can contribute more to the society and people in many ways, as they are the people who can diagnose, treat and prevent the illness or disease. This would be a career that would help them apply their knowledge and work without stress and pressures, and get the happiness of helping others.

Education and Training

Education and training roles are usually essential positions needed in society and offer a stable work life. Medical practitioners who possess the necessary skills, have the required qualifications and have the passion to change and influence other people's life can take up this profession. Medical practitioners can work as professors in government and private colleges.

Government Services, Civil Services and Defence

This is one of the most sought out careers in India. Medical practitioners can work in Government clinics and dispensaries. And they also have opportunities in the armed forces.

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