As a sociologist, you’ll be focussing on the study of the impact of society and social interactions on individuals and vice versa.

What do sociologists do?

A sociologist studies the human social life or how people act within societies and groups. They examine social interactions, relationships, institutions, organisations, policies, movements and other social processes and studies the social behaviour that develops when people work together. They also design and implement research studies that test their theories on social issues.

What does a typical day at work involve?

  • Checked Preparing publications and reports that expounds on various research findings
  • Checked Analyzing and drawing conclusions from data to increase the understanding of human social behavior
  • Checked Collecting data through surveys, observations, interviews, and other sources to develop and test theories about societal issues such as crime, group relations, poverty, and aging
  • Checked Consulting with and advising clients, policymakers, and other groups of people on research findings and sociological issues

What job roles can a sociologist take up?

Would be responsible for developing Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) strategies for the corporate sector.
Social researchers focus on various research projects that deals with different social issues.
Social and community workers guide individuals, families or groups of people to help them cope with the difficulties in their lives.
Criminologists study about crime, its causes and the ways to prevent it.

How to become a sociologist?

Step 1
Take Humanities stream with Sociology

Studying humanities with Sociology as a subject at the 10+2 level will help you understand the basics of the field of sociology. Securing a minimum aggregate score would be a prerequisite for admission into bachelor degree courses in sociology in most of the prominent universities in India.

Note :Can take any stream

There is no subject or stream requirement as such to become eligible for admission into sociology courses. But as pointed out earlier, it’s better to choose humanities stream with sociology as one of the subjects.

Step 2
Take BA Sociology

The common course offered at the UG level in this area is BA Sociology. The duration of the course is usually three years.

Step 3
Take MA Sociology

After completing UG, you can go for a master’s in Sociology. The duration of the master’s courses are usually two years.

Note : Bachelor’s in any Subject

Graduates from any background who have successfully completed their bachelor degrees would be eligible for admission into master’s level courses in sociology in most of the Indian universities.

Step 4
Go for doctoral studies

After pursuing Master’s you can go for M Phil or direct PhD if your profile (including projects, research papers, and internships) and research proposal is excellent. A doctoral degree would be useful for taking up a career in the academia.

Sociology Colleges

Name State District Type Website Course

Requirements for masters (MA) in sociology

Requirements for admission into a PG course in one of the top institutions to help you get an overall picture

India (For MA Sociology from Loyola College)

  • Bachelor's degree in any subject with an aggregate score of 55%.
  • Entrance test followed by a personal interview.

Foreign (Masters in Sociology from Princeton University)

  • A bachelor’s degree or its foreign equivalent from an accredited college or university.
  • 3 letters of recommendation.
  • GRE required.
  • IELTS or TOEFL scores.

To see the entrance exams, scholarships and UG admission details, click here

Skills Required

Communication skills

Sociologists should have the ability to articulate concepts and ideas, and make reasonable arguments while speaking to different crowds. They should also possess the necessary writing skills to produce high quality research papers and articles.

Research skills

Sociologists should possess proper knowledge and understanding of research methods, and statistical techniques to effectively conduct qualitative and quantitative research on the data they acquire from various sources.

Critical thinking & Intellectual skills

Sociologists should have the ability to analyze and evaluate complex ideas like social phenomena and structures, major sociological concepts, and historical and contemporary social issues. They should also possess a broader perspective that allows them to relate their sociological knowledge to the formulation of various social, public and civic policies.

Organizational skills

Sociologists should be able to Identify goals, meet deadlines, manage their time, work independently and also collaborate with others.

Problem Solving Skills

Sociologists must have the skill to find solutions to the problems that the society faces as a whole by means of understanding and analysing them deeply.

Observation Skills

Sociologists must be able to develop a deeper understanding on the various social issues of the past and the present, thus good observation skills are required.


  • Checked Education
  • Checked Research
  • Checked Government Services
  • Checked Social Service