Economic and Social welfare

As an economic and social welfare officer you will focus on bringing about social welfare and improvement in the economic condition of people by planning and conducting many programs and awareness campaigns among the public.

What do Economic & Social welfare workers do?

An Economic and Social Welfare worker aims to improve people’s lives by providing assistance to individuals and families through programs such as health care, food stamps, unemployment compensation, housing assistance and child care assistance and in promoting human rights and wellbeing. They help protect from harm, children and adults with support needs.

What does a typical day at work involve?

  • Checked Identifying people who need help and developing plans to improve their clients’ well-being
  • Checked Helping clients adjust to changes and challenges in their lives, such as illness, divorce, or unemployment
  • Checked Helping clients work with government agencies to apply for and receive benefits such as Medicare
  • Checked Assessing clients’ needs, situations, strengths, and support networks to determine their goals
  • Checked Responding to crisis situations, such as natural disasters or child abuse
  • Checked Assessing clients’ histories, backgrounds, and situations to understand their needs, as well as their strengths and weaknesses
  • Checked Encouraging clients to discuss their emotions and experiences to develop a better understanding of themselves and their relationships
  • Checked Developing and evaluating programs and services to ensure that basic client needs are met

What are the specialisations in Economic and Social Welfare?

This area focuses on bringing about Urban and Rural Development through several community development and organising processes aimed at producing desirable changes in the society.
This area focuses on developing and promoting ideas for social ventures which can provide employment and livelihood to needy members of the society
This area focuses on preventing diseases and promoting human health through various activities like including creating and spreading awareness about disease prevention, balanced food habits and hygiene.

How to become an Economic and Social Welfare worker

Step 1
Take any stream in 12th

Students who wish to pursue a career in economic and social welfare can do plus two in any stream, but taking up humanities is recommended as it gives you a better perspective of the field.

Step 2
Take Bachelor’s in any Degree/ Bachelor’s in Social work

There are hardly any institutions providing economic and social welfare as core subject at UG or PG. Aspirants can go for BSW(Bachelors in social work) or a Bachelor’s degree in Economics or Sociology.

Step 3
Take Master’s in any Degree/ Master’s in Social Work

Doing a Masters in social work (MSW) will be the best path to choose for a career in economic and social welfare.

Economic and Social Welfare (Social Services) Colleges

Name State District Type Website Course

Requirements for masters in economic and social welfare (social services)

Requirements for admission into a PG course in one of the top institutions to help you get an overall picture

India (Master of Arts in Social Work from TISS)

  • A Bachelor's or Master's Degree of minimum of 3 or 4 years duration or its equivalent
  • Admission Test

Foreign (Master of Social Work from the University of Michigan)

  • Completion of an equivalent to a U.S. bachelor's degree with competitive grades, from an accredited institution with a liberal arts perspective with required credits in three or more of the subjects psychology, sociology, anthropology, economics, history, political science, government, and/or languages.
  • TOEFL-100 (IBT), IELTS-7.0
  • 3 recommendation letters

To see the entrance exams, scholarships and UG admission details, click here

Skills Required

Organization Skills

Social welfare workers provide case management services, such as billing, maintaining collateral relationships, making phone calls, and networking with other service providers.

Critical Thinking Skills

Social welfare workers must make important decisions based on a thorough understanding of the client’s needs and situation, the available resources and the applicable laws.

Communication skills

Social welfare workers must communicate in many different ways and with many different people. It is important to be clear and transparent about the scope of services that you can provide as their social worker.

Listening Skills

Social welfare worker should be a good listener since you will be working at providing assistance to people and helping them find solutions for their problems


  • Checked Government Agencies
  • Checked NGO’s
  • Checked Welfare Societies